A Kundali is the traditional Indian system.
The date, time and place of the birth of a person is noted. Place is taken as exact latitude and longitude of the city or town of birth. Based on that, the exact point, or ‘bindu’ is identified on the eastern horizon. This bindu determines the placement of signs and planets in the houses. In other words, the kundali is a chart or map of the eastern horizon at the time and place of that individual.
There is a method of depicting these placements. A rectangle is divided in 12 parts, in a traditional way to place the signs, planets and houses. The birth chart is called a Janma-Lagna Kundali. One can see variations in the shape of the kundali, like a circle or a square, but the principle of placing the elements is the same.
Now you will understand how each individual’s Janma-Lagna Kundali is unique for him or her.
The Janma-Lagna Kundali is the basic chart. Depending on various purposes and methods, a number of similar charts can be prepared. These are named after the method or the purpose. Some of them are Chandra kundali, Navmansha kundali, Chalit kundali, Cusp kundali. We will learn more about them here. There are more than a hundred types of kundalis, the mathematical calculation for each one is different.
At times, birth details are not available or the issue at hand calls for urgent solution, a prashna-kundali, or the question chart is prepared. This kundali is based on the date, time and place of the question or the issue, considering it a birth detail of the issue. However, it should be remembered that a prashna kundali is only for emergency and can be useful only to address that issue. In that sense, it has only limited scope.